Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Honors Thesis (Colby Access Only)

Department

Colby College. Chemistry Dept.

Advisor(s)

Julie T. Millard

Second Advisor

Thomas W. Shattuck

Abstract

Epichlorohydrin (ECH) is a potential human carcinogen that is used in the industrial production of epoxy resin, adhesives, plastics, insecticides, glycerin, and pharmaceuticals. ECH is a bifunctional alkylating agent with the ability to form monoadducts with DNA as well as to cross-link DNA covalently and has been linked to increased risks of cancer due to occupational exposure. In an in vitro study to characterize the mechanism of cross-linking, ECH was reacted with guanosine and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry was used to determine the intermediates and products of the reaction. It was found that the major product formed was a monoadduct with a chlorine atom, suggesting that the epoxide of ECH is the first electrophilic group to react. These data support a previous study that showed that the reaction is more efficient under acidic conditions. The final product with two guanosines cross-linked by ECH was also identified; however, the monoadduct with an epoxide was not found. Therefore, further data collection is required to fully characterize the mechanism of cross-linking by epichlorohydrin. These preliminary results have helped to understand how epichlorohydrin reacts with DNA.

Comments

Full-text download restricted to Colby College campus only.

Keywords

guanosine, epichlorohydrin, bifunctional alkylating agent, nucleic acid, cross-link, liquid chromatography mass spectrometry

Multimedia URL

COinS