Mapping of diepoxybutane damage in the cytochrome b domain of mitochondrial DNA and the ?-globin domain of nuclear chicken DNA using quantitative PCR

Justin Juskewitch

Document Type Dissertation/Thesis


Diepoxybutane (DEB), a known industrial carcinogen, reacts with DNA primarily at the N7 position of deoxyguanosine residues and creates interstrand cross-links at the sequence 5'-GNC. Since N7-N7 cross-links cause DNA to fragment upon heating, quantative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) is being used in this experiment to measure the amount of DEB damage (lesion frequency) with three different targets-mitochondrial (unpackaged), open chromatin region, and closed chromatin region. Initial measurements of DEB damage within these three targets were not consistent because the template DNA was not the limiting reagent in the PCR. Follow-up PCR trials using a limiting amount of DNA are still in progress although initial experimentation looks promising. Sequencing of these three targets to confirm the primer targets has only been successfully performed for the closed chromatin target and does not match the sequence from NIH used to design that primer pair. Further sequencing trials need to be conducted on all three targets to assure that a mitochondrial, open chromatin, and closed chromatin region are actually being amplified in this experimental series.