Abstract or Description
The eastern timber wolf (Canis lupus lycaon) once inhabited Maine, as well as the rest of the eastern United States and southern Canada. As a result of human land use and widespread extermination campaigns, wolf numbers dramatically decreased, and by the early twentieth century, no wolves remained in Maine. As large carnivorous and territorial mammals, wolves require contiguous undeveloped areas with abundant prey. This project is a feasibility study that identifies the areas in Maine that are suitable for the reintroduction of wolves. We used GIS modeling to identify contiguous forested areas over 1,000 km2, calculate road and population density, and map the presence or absence of prey throughout the state. These variables were combined in a habitat suitability model to determine the location and amount of suitable wolf habitat in Maine. The northwestern part of the state appears most suitable for wolf reintroduction as it is relatively undeveloped with low road and population densities. There is also a smaller isolated area in Washington County that might be suitable, but further investigation is required.
Recommended CitationCleaver, Caitlin ('06); Mitchell, Liza ('08); Polgar, Caroline ('06); and Weeks, Samuel ('06) "Feasibility of the Reintroduction of Wolves in Maine: a GIS Study," Atlas of Maine: Vol. 2006: No. 2, Article 2.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.colby.edu/atlas_docs/vol2006/iss2/2