Author (Your Name)

André M. Pilon, Colby College

Date of Award


Document Type

Honors Thesis (Open Access)


Colby College. Chemistry Dept.


Julie T. Millard

Second Advisor

Stephen U. Dunham


In industrial polymer and synthetic rubber production facilities, workers are exposed to 1,3-butadiene. This compound is converted in vivo to 1,2,3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB) and has been linked to increased incidences of cancer in these individuals. Carcinogenesis has been attributed to formation of DEB induced DNA interstrand cross-links. Previous studies have demonstrated that DEB cross-links deoxyguanosine residues within 5'-GNC sequences in synthetic DNA, in restriction fragments, and in defined sequence nucleosomes. The current study utilized the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to examine DEB damage frequencies within nuclear genes, found within "open" regions of chromatin, as compared to regions of unexpressed sequence that reside in tightly packed, "closed" chromatin, to more closely model DEB reactivity in vivo. These initial studies have been performed in chicken liver homogenates. Preliminarily, we have found a dose-dependent DEB lesion-forming response within "open" chromatin. DEB appears to have little-to-no effect upon regions of "closed" chromatin.


Carcinogens Cancer, Genetic aspects DNA-ligand interactions, Chicken ?-globin Domain, Diepoxybutane Damage

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