China Lake is located in Kennebec County, Maine. Since 1983 the lake has suffered from yearly algal blooms as a result of the addition of excess nutrients. The nutrient load was amplified by erosion within the watershed. Erosion varies widely depending on a number of factors, including the slope of the land, the type of soil, and the way the land is being used. Certain land use types have a high potential to add nutrients to the environment, while others may help absorb excess nutrients and prevent erosion and runoff into the lake. A comprehensive examination of the China Lake watershed was completed using GIS to calculate the erosion potential for the entire area, taking into account past and present land use patterns. This information will help the towns around the lake to make informed decisions about future development and land management.
Carr, Rachel N.; Polgar, Caroline A.; Moe, Jakob B.; Cole, F. Russell; Firmage, David H.; and Ness, Kirsten L., "The Impact of Land Use Patterns and Watershed Characteristics on China Lake, Kennebec County, Maine" (2006). Undergraduate Research Symposium (UGRS). Paper 7.