Measuring ultrasonic communication provides us with a way to study parental influence on animals. In this study I measured the ultrasonic communication between mouse pups and two maternal females, one of which who had given birth to the pups and the other had raised them. I found that there was no significant difference between the amount of noise expressed by pups in response to each the biological mother and foster mother test groups. Mouse pups call to maternal females regardless of genetic relatedness. Communication in mice may be a more complicated model because of their communal nature.
Ludwig, Katie, "Measuring Ultrasonic Communication Between Mouse Pups and Adult Mother Mice" (2007). Undergraduate Research Symposium (UGRS). Paper 27.